In addition to vitamins, you also need an array of minerals to keep your thyroid in its best health. Your thyroid needs minerals to make the hormones your body needs, and your body needs minerals to put those hormones to work. A thyroid imbalance can also impair your body’s ability to absorb and use some minerals. Zinc, Copper, Selenium, Chromium, Manganese, Calcium, and Magnesium all contribute to healthy thyroid function and are especially important if you suffer from a low thyroid. Zinc supports your immune system and helps it to function properly. Since low thyroid is an autoimmune disorder, making sure you get enough Zinc just makes sense. But there is another reason to be certain you get enough Zinc. Animal studies show that hypothyroidism can inhibit the absorption of Zinc, making it more difficult for your body to get the Zinc it needs. 19 Make sure your multivitamin contains 25 mg of Zinc. Taking Zinc over time can lead to a Copper deficiency. Studies also suggest that the metabolism of Copper is disrupted by hypothyroidism. 20 For both of these reasons, it is important that your multivitamin include 1 to 2 mg of Copper.
Your thyroid needs Selenium for proper thyroid hormone synthesis, and your body needs Selenium to use thyroid hormones efficiently 21. Supplement with 100 micrograms (mcg) of Selenium daily. Chromium is a mineral that helps the body to maintain normal blood sugar. Since insulin resistance is a concern when you have low thyroid, a Chromium supplement is a good idea. Studies show that regular Chromium supplementation helped to lower fasting blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. 22 Your daily Chromium intake should be 100 to 200 mg. Manganese is another mineral that gets disrupted in the presence of low thyroid. 23 Manganese is a trace mineral. This means that your body doesn’t need much of it, but it does need some. Look for a multivitamin that contains 10 to 20 mg of Manganese.
Low thyroid carries a higher risk of osteoporosis. So does overprescribing of thyroid replacement drugs. So Calcium and Magnesium are critical to helping you maintain strong and healthy bones. Research proves that getting enough Calcium helps prevent osteoporosis. 24 Studies also show that Magnesium plays an important role in your body’s ability to use Calcium. 25 You need 1200 mg of Calcium each day and 400 mg of Magnesium.
Other Supplements To Support Your Thyroid And Move You Toward Wellness
While a diet lower in fat is good for you when you have a low thyroid condition, certain essential fatty acids are, well, essential to your good health. There are two main categories of essential fatty acids—the Omega-6 variety and the Omega-3 variety. Most plant oils are rich in Omega-
6s, which means you have an overabundance of Omega-6s in your diet. More scarce are the Omega-3s. Bringing these two types of essential fatty acids into balance in your diet can greatly improve your health. By introducing more Omega-3s into your diet you will benefit both your heart and your mind. The best way to increase your Omega-3 intake is to eat more fish or more flaxseed. Fish is an excellent source of high quality protein, but there are two concerns when eating fish. Many fish populations are dangerously depleted from over fishing and a number of fish species also contain dangerously high levels of mercury. One of the safest and tastiest fish available is wild Alaskan salmon.
These fish are abundant in Alaska, they are caught responsibly so they aren’t in danger of depletion, and they are clean and free of mercury. Flaxseed is another excellent source of Omega-3s. You can buy flaxseed oil to use in salad dressings or ground flaxseed to sprinkle on yogurt or fruit. Two tablespoons a day helps to bring your Omega- 3s into balance with your Omega-6s. Another good supplement to look for is Tyrosine. The amino acid Tyrosine is a building block of both the T3 and T4 hormones, so if you suspect you have a low thyroid condition, adding an amino acid supplement makes good sense. 26 You may have heard about or read about or even tried taking an herbal stimulant to combat the low-energy feeling that comes with low thyroid. Generally, these kinds of stimulants can put your body into overdrive and do more harm than good. However, there are two herbal supplements you should consider for thyroid support. They are Ashwagandha and Milk Thistle. Ashwagandha stimulates T4 and T3 responses in the body. It especially raises T4 levels, helping the thyroid to do its job better.
Animal studies support the use of Ashwagandha for low thyroid disease. Research shows that Ashwagandha increases levels of thyroid hormones in the system. 27 Ashwagandha is a powerful herb, and if taken incorrectly can actually damage your thyroid. Consult with a naturopathic doctor who has experience using Ashwagandha. Milk Thistle is a liver cleanser. It helps remove toxins from the body. Like so many of the other nutrients you should take, Milk Thistle helps ease pressure on your immune system, which in turn eases the pressure on your thyroid.
Glandular Support: You can also purchase over the counter glandular supplements. These supplements are made from animal thyroid glands, but the hormonal components have been removed. Some people show a good response to these supplements. If you choose to try them, it is best to introduce them at a gradual pace, and to seek a doctor’s guidance.